These medicines open us to new possibilities and perspectives, and can create the opportunity for a shift in consciousness. This work has the potential to change how we live and to save lives.
The root of our suffering is not purely biological.
Until we make the unconscious conscious, it will direct our lives and we will call it fate.
— Carl Jung
War on Drugs
US Government stops research on psychedelics which was being conducted to establish their safety and efficacy.
President Nixon announces a “War on Drugs,” declaring drug abuse as “Public Enemy Number One.”
The Drug Enforcement Agency is created to oversee laws and to schedule substances including Marijuana, Note: A top Nixon aide, John Ehrlichman, later admitted: “You want to know what this was really all about. The Nixon campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House after that, had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people. You understand what I’m saying. We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did.” Nixon temporarily placed marijuana in Schedule One, the most restrictive category of drugs, pending review by a commission he appointed led by Republican Pennsylvania Governor Raymond Shafer.
Jimmy Carter campaigns for president on a platform that includes decriminalizing marijuana and ending federal criminal penalties for possession of up to 1 ounce of the drug. He failed to get this passed once he became President.
First Lady Nancy Reagan Launches “Just Say No” Campaign
MDMA (Ecstasy) is placed on Schedule 1 after being used for years as a therapeutic medicine.
President Ronald Reagan signs the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, which appropriates $1.7 billion to fight the drug war. The bill also creates mandatory minimum penalties for drug offenses
President George H.W. Bush creates the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) and appoints William Bennett as his first “drug czar.” Bennett aims to make drug abuse socially unacceptable.
Johns Hopkins University is the first institution to receive regulatory approval to restart research around use of psilocybin as a medicine.
US Supreme Court affirms the UDV Church’s right to use ayahuasca. The Santo Diame church follows in 2009
Denver becomes the first city to decriminalize the use of Psilocybin since the war on drugs.
The FDA grants breakthrough status to both MDMA and Psilocybin, recognizing their safety and promising benefits. Final approval is still pending with many states preparing for their use.
Oregon passes Measure 109 legalizing psilocybin for therapeutic use.